Today In African History (April 19) – King Mswati III Changes Country Name From Swaziland To eSwatini


On this day in 2018, King Mswati III of Swaziland changes the name of Swaziland to eSwatini, or “land of the Swati”.

The announcement was made during the celebrations marking 50 years of Swazi independence from Britain. The day also coincided with the king’s 50th birthday.

Speaking at the nation’s Golden Jubilee celebrations, he said: “African countries, on getting independence, reverted to their ancient names before they were colonized. So from now on, the country will officially be known as the Kingdom of eSwatini.”

The change of name has been talked about in official circles for years.

The king has regularly referred to Swaziland as eSwatini in addresses in his country’s parliament, at the United Nations General Assembly and to the African Union.

Swaziland gained independence from Britain in 1968, but unlike other former British colonies, it retained its colonial-era name.

Nyasaland became Malawi, Northern Rhodesia renamed itself Zambia, Bechuanaland changed its name to Botswana, and Rhodesia became Zimbabwe.

King Mswati said that from now on, people would not confuse his country with Switzerland.

eSwatini is a country that has tribal unity under one King, being the land of the Swati, and its cultural history is rich and its traditions are upheld and celebrated as strongly as anywhere in Africa.

Traditional dress is commonly seen and its traditional festivals such as the Umhlanga Reed Dance and Incwala, are known around the world for their spectacle and authenticity – carried out by tens of thousands of Swatis but usually witnessed by only a relative few lucky visitors.


1923: New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers.
1971: Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day).
1989: Republic Day in Sierra Leone.
1994: Inkatha ends the boycott of the South African multi-racial election.
2015: Boat carrying approx. 850 migrants is shipwrecked in the Mediterranean between Italian and Libya, with only 27 migrants rescued.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here